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In some enterprises, such as universities, This happens through a steadily increasing number of work councils, which usually must be requested by staff.
However, the UK remains behind European standards in requiring all employees to have a vote for their company's board of directors, alongside private sector shareholders, or government authorities in the public sector.
Industrialisation also meant greater urbanisation, and inevitably miserable conditions in the factories.
The Factory Acts dating from 1803 required minimum standards on hours and conditions of working children.
A landlord, a farmer, a master manufacturer, a merchant, though they did not employ a single workman, could generally live a year or two upon the stocks which they have already acquired.
Many workmen could not subsist a week, few could subsist a month, and scarce any a year without employment.
The Employment Rights Act 1996 gives the right to leave for child care, and the right to request flexible working patterns.The Pensions Act 2008 gives the right to be automatically enrolled in a basic occupational pension, whose funds must be protected according to the Pensions Act 1995.To get fair labour standards beyond the minimum, the most important right is to collectively participate in decisions about how an enterprise is managed.To tackle unemployment, all employees are entitled to reasonable notice before dismissal after a qualifying period of a month, after two years they can only be dismissed for a fair reason, and are entitled to a redundancy payment if their job was no longer economically necessary.If an enterprise is bought or outsourced, the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 require that employees' terms cannot be worsened without a good economic, technical or organisational reason.
Gradually people's relationship to their employers moved from one of status - formal subordination and deference - to contract whereby people were formally free to choose their work.